I have the honour to speak on behalf of the African Group on the
agenda item 51 entitled: Globalization and lnterdependence with its
- Role of the United Nations in promoting development in the
context of globalization and interdependence,
- lnternational migration and development;
- Preventing and combating corrupt practices and transfer of
funds of illicit origin and returning such assets, in particular to
the countries of origin, consistent with the United Nations
Convention against Corruption.
The African Group associates itself with the statement delivered by
the representative of Antigua and Barbuda on behalf of the Group of
77 and China.
We thank the Secretary-General for his repods on the impact of
international policies, processes and obligations on the
implementation of national development plans and strategies. The
reports, inter alia, highlight the challenges developing countries in
general and African countries in particular face in managing the
negative global impacts on their development.
It has been stated the globalization offers both opporlunities and
challenges. Globalization has brought new challenges to sustained
economic growth and sustainable development in Africa. Africa
remains marginalized in the globalizing world, thus confirming that the
benefits and costs of globalization are very unevenly distributed.
ln an increasingly globalized world but unevenly distributed global
economic benefits, flexibility and policy space for African countries in
pursuing their national development policies became the first
casualty. Development is increasingly being determined by factors
outside the continent's boundaries. Africa's contribution to global
decision- making and norm setting in areas of trade, finance,
investment, technology and even migration is minimal. On the other
hand, crises whose origins are outside Africa affect the continent the
most and threaten to marginalize it further leading to a lot of suffering.
While Africa acknowledges primary responsibility for its own
development, global programs and policies should support our
regional and national efforts in order to achieve the internationally
agreed development goals, including the MDGs and to facilitate an
equitable sharing of the benefits of globalization. ln this regard, the
Group calls for the strengthening of international development
cooperation with Africa and the enhancement of the global
padnership for development.
As other factors of production become globalized, labour will always
follow suit. Africa has not been spared from experiencing the
complexity of migration and its diverse impacts on development.
lnternational migration, like globalization itself, has both benefits and
challenges to receiving, transit and countries of origin of migrants.
However, a perception has been created in the industrialized world as
if migrants only benefit their countries of origin. Recognizing the
need to address this phenomenon and to contribute to the global
efforts at cooperation and coordination in the field of migration and
development, the Eighth Ordinary Session of the Assembly of the
Heads of State and Government of the African Union adopted the
African Common Position on Migration and Development in July 2006
in Banjul, The Gambia.
The policy recognizes the uneven impact of international migration on
development and Africa's role in its management thereof, while
condemning the selective approaches to migration adopted by
industrialized countries that criminalize the migration of non-skilled
Africans while at the same time poaching the continent's skilled
personnel in which African Governments have invested heavily.
The issue of respect for the human rights of migrants and their
dependants is of paramount importance to Africa. ln this regard, the
Group is the view that migrants and African migrants in particular are
no less than other human beings. They should be protected and their
rights should be respected. We therefore support the ongoing
exchange of views within the context of the Global Forum on
Migration and Development that aim at finding an international
common ground on this important issue in order to maximize its
benefits while minimizing its negative effects. The Group furlher
trusts that eventually migration and development will come back to
the United Nations, which is the appropriate forum for deliberations
on global issues.
The African continent has experienced a number of incidences of
corrupt practices whereby public assets have been unscrupulously
transferred to banks abroad and then transformed into private
possessions. African countries' requests to have those assets
returned to the rightful owners have always not been favourably
We therefore, welcome the high number of Member States that has
already ratified or acceded to the United Nations Convention against
Corruption. The Group also urges those Member States and other
organizations that have not yet done so, to speed up their processes
of ratification and/or accession to this vital instrument.
On our pad, the African Union Convention on the Prevention and
Combating Corruption and Related Offences, which was adopted in
July 2003 by the African Union's Second Ordinary Session of the
Heads of State and Government in Maputo, Mozambique, entered
into force in August 2006. So far 43 African countries have either
signed and/or ratified the Convention.
A number of Regional Economic Communities (RECs) on the
continent also have in place similar instruments which is a
demonstration of our resolve to fight this heinous crime. Regional
and sub-regional efforts can however, only bear fruit if there are
supportive efforts at the global level in this regard. lt is important that
all countries and peoples should condemn corruption wherever it
occurs and whoever commits it. There should be no safe havens for
corruption practitioners and their ill-gotten assets on this planet.
The African Group trusts that the United Nations will continue playing
its important role in all these areas of globalization with a view to
ensuring that benefits of globalization are evenly distributed across
I thank you.